Most articles on cannabis cultivation are intended for growers with a large outdoor plantation and lots of space or for those who have a good indoor growing facility. But if you have a small balcony or a terrace with lots of sunlight, you can harvest your own buds in any time with https://420growradar.com/p/best-led-light-for-4×4-grow-tent/ .
We bring you 7 tips to start a plantation on your balcony.
1 CHOOSE THE RIGHT POT
When you grow grass on a balcony or terrace, you should do it in some kind of pot. It depends a bit on your preferences and your skills as a grower, but all you need is a normal pot with drainage holes and a plate to collect excess water.
More important than the type of pot is its size. After all, the size of the pot will directly affect the size of your plants.
Smaller pots will give your plants less root space and therefore limit their growth. On the other hand, larger pots provide more space and plants usually grow more.
Know your space and choose accordingly. When choosing the place for your plants on your terrace, keep in mind the legal status of cannabis; as proud as we are of our plants, it may not be a good idea to show them to the world.
2 CHOOSE THE RIGHT GENETICS
It is important to know that, in general, the plants sativas have a size bigger than the indica. If you have a small space and you seek small plants, an indica would be the right choice.
The Indicas also develop well with less light. So you might want to take this into account if your balcony is not oriented towards the south.
Another good option would be to grow autoflowering strains. Due to their ruderalis genetics, autoflowering strains tend to be smaller than photoperiodic cannabis strains and do not require strict light/dark periods to develop and flower like regular strains.
As these strains bloom according to their age, they are not as sensitive to changes or interruptions in their light cycle, so they are ideal for a balcony with less light and colder climates.
3 CHOOSE THE RIGHT PLACE
When you have chosen the strains and have a pot of a suitable size, you must think about where you will grow your plant. Remember, unless you are growing auto-flowering strains, cannabis plants need lots of light during the day and complete darkness at night.
Ideally, your plant should get at least 5-6 hours of direct sunlight during the day, preferably in the morning or evening (depending on where you live, the midday sun can be very strong even for hardy cannabis plants).
You should also make sure you place your plants in a location protected from strong winds or rain. The advantage of growing in pots is that it is easy to move them around.
Balconies or terraces facing south (or slightly to the south-east) are ideal for most plants, as they tend to have direct light in the morning and indirect light in the afternoon and evening. Obviously, you can’t change the direction of your balcony/terrace, so adapt to what you have and remember to watch your plant carefully to make sure it gets enough sun.
4 INVEST IN GOOD QUALITY SOIL
The easiest way to grow on a balcony or terrace is with soil. Since you probably don’t have the option of fertilizing your own soil, you should make sure you buy the best quality soil you can.
Luckily, everything you need to create a good soil for your cannabis will be available at any garden center near you. You will need the following:
- Good quality soil, preferably organic, that drains well and is well aerated
- Worm humus
- Bat guano to cover the ground
- Fertilizer (specific fertilizers for cannabis are found in most grow shops)
- Rocks/stones to improve drainage
When choosing the earth, look for dark colored earths that have a loose, rich texture. Good quality soils usually contain ingredients such as fertilized forest humus, coconut fiber, perlite, worm humus, blood/fish/bone/crustacean meal, kelp, etc.
When it is time to plant, it is best to use 80% soil and about 20% worm humus. Mix them thoroughly to prepare a fertile, aerated culture medium. Place a layer of stones at the bottom of the pot, add the soil and cover it with bat guano and fertilizer.
5 STARTS IN SPRING
If you grow grass on your deck, you’ll want to follow the same program as outdoor growers. This means that you should germinate and plant your seeds in the spring.
In fact, it is best to start a little earlier than other growers so that your plants have a little more time to grow and develop. When the seedlings are in the pots, be sure to place them in a nice, sunny spot. Indoors, seedlings do not thrive in strong grow lights, but outdoors they can handle (and prefer) a lot of sunlight to get started.
If you start in the spring, your plants will have plenty of time to grow and develop during the warm months. That way, at the end of the summer/beginning of the autumn, they will be loaded with big and powerful heads.
6 USE TRAINING METHODS TO CONTROL THE SIZE OF YOUR PLANTS
After about 4 weeks of vegetative growth (in the case of photoperiodic strains), you should prune your plants to control and adapt their growth to the space you have.
Most growers who grow on a balcony or terrace prefer their plants to be low in height, and prune them so that they grow sideways rather than upwards. To do this, you must cut off the apex (or top shoot) of the plant. This will cause the plant to develop more leaves under the top shoot and become bushy rather than tall. You should trim the plants often during the vegetative phase to control their growth.
There are other ways, such as bending techniques (known as LST or low stress training), that allow you to decide in which direction you want the plant to grow and for the canopy to receive sunlight evenly.
Other common and interesting training techniques for terrace/balcony plantings include apical pruning, FIM and supercropping. Each creates a different form of canopy, depending on the specific needs of the grower.
7 DON’T LET YOUR PLANTS GROW ON THEIR OWN
To create a rich microclimate for your plants, and to keep them hidden from prying eyes, it is a good idea to have other plants.
Leaves and flowers are good for your cannabis plant. Also, some plants can protect your weed from pests and diseases, either by scaring them off or by attracting beneficial predators to the plantation.